28.5.17

If $q^k n^2$ is an odd perfect number, then $k$ is bounded.

If $k$ is arbitrarily large in the equations
$$\frac{\sigma(n^2)}{q^k}=\frac{2n^2}{\sigma(q^k)}=\gcd(n^2,\sigma(n^2))=\frac{2n^2 - \sigma(n^2)}{\sigma(q^{k-1})}$$
then
$$\lim_{k \to \infty}{\frac{\sigma(n^2)}{q^k}}=\lim_{k \to \infty}{\frac{2n^2}{\sigma(q^k)}}=\lim_{k \to \infty}{\bigg(\frac{2n^2 - \sigma(n^2)}{\sigma(q^{k-1})}\bigg)}=0$$
while
$$\gcd(n^2,\sigma(n^2))>1$$
for a fixed Euler part $n^2$. This implies that $k$ is bounded.

UPDATE (June 11, 2017)

This claim is flawed.  Unconditionally, we know that $q^k < n^2$.  This implies that $k$ and $n$ are dependent.